Wind turbines
© Kara - stock.adobe.com
Renewable and conventional energy sources must be optimally interlinked in order to successfully transform the energy system.

Energy transition in the electricity sector

The share of renewable energies in gross electricity consumption in Germany has risen to 45 percent in 2020. This electricity is largely fed into the grid by wind energy, biomass and photovoltaic plants or used for self-consumption. In addition, hydropower and geothermal energy are also helping to increase the share of renewable sources in the German electricity mix.

Electricity demand must be covered even when there is no wind or sunshine. Conventional power plants are used to secure the supply. They must respond flexibly to fluctuations – which means they must be able to operate cost- and resource-efficiently in partial- and minimum-load operation.

Renewable and conventional energy sources must be optimally interlinked in order to successfully transform the energy system. Technological innovations in science and development are crucial in ensuring that this transformation is both climate-friendly and sustainable in the long run. Research into future-proof power generation technologies is an important mainstay in this context.

The German government plans to successively transform the country’s energy supply by 2045. The aim is to significantly increase the energy efficiency and to achieve climate neutrality by then. Future-proof power generation technologies play a key role in this context.

Gross electricity production in Germany amounted to 566 terrawatt hours in 2020. The chart shows the distribution by energy source in percent, status: April 2021.
© BDEW-Schnellstatistikerhebung, Destatis, EEX, VGB, ZSW

Gross electricity production in Germany amounted to 566 terrawatt hours in 2020 (preliminary data). The chart shows the distribution by energy source in percent, status: April 2021.